The Current Situation
Ethiopia has shown great progress in improving the state of food security in the country. From 1990 to 2015, prevalence of undernourishment was more than halved, from 75 percent to 32 percent —a sign of strong, yet incomplete progress.
Child undernutrition, in the form of stunting or low height for age is still high. The proportion of child under 5 years of age affected by stunting in Ethiopia dropped from 62 to 40 percent between 1992 and 2014. Prevalence of child stunting in Ethiopia also varies by income group. In 2011, for example, less than 30 percent of children from the wealthiest families were stunted, yet nearly half of children from all other wealth quintiles are stunted. Ethiopia, in its Seqota Declaration, commits to ending undernutrition by 2030.
Compact2025 activities in Ethiopia
Compact2025 is committed to partnering with Ethiopia and relevant stakeholders to this acceleration to the end of hunger and undernutrition by 2025. To achieve these outcomes, Compact2025 has undertaken several specific activities in the country:
- Launching of the National Information Platform for Nutrition in Ethiopia, May 2018
- Compact2025 Ethiopia Forum, December 2017
- Roundtable Discussion: The Future of Ethiopia's Agriculture, March 2016
On March 28, 2016 the country stakeholder roundtable discussion was held in Addis Ababa, setting priorities, fine-tuning actions, and synthesizing sharable lessons in order to start the accelerated progress towards Compact2025’s hunger and undernutrition goals. A scoping study has been developed on Ethiopia’s current food security and nutrition challenges and opportunities to inform policy and progress moving forward.
The Roundtable Discussion held in May 2016 resulted in the creation of 5 key recommendations for the progression of Compact2025 activities and outcomes in Ethiopia. These recommendations are:
- Fill data and knowledge gaps
- Develop policies and accountability for better nutrition
- Enhance implementation and scale-up of programs
- Improve coordination
- Strengthen capacity
Compact2025 also held “The Future of Ethiopia’s Agriculture: Towards a Resilient System to End Hunger and Undernutrition” event in Addis Ababa on December 15, 2017 in partnership with the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), and the Rural Economic Development and Food Security Sector Working Group. The event presented new research on agricultural and food system development, and acted as the follow-up convention to the roundtable discussion in 2016.
In addition to the roundtable discussion and forum, Compact2025 helped organize the launching of the National Information Platform for Nutrition (NIPN) in Ethiopia on May 31st, 2018. This platform supports the target set by the NNP, reduce stunting from 40% in 2011 to 26% in 2020, by providing resources for evidence-based nutrition policy decision making.
Leadership Council and Technical Advisory Committee Members in Ethiopia
- Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, Chief Executive Officer, New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), Leadership Council
- Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Prime Minister, Ethiopia, Leadership Council
- Khalid Bomba, CEO, Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), Technical Advisory Committee
Relevant Resource and Information
Baye, Kaleab; Hirvonen, Kalle; Dereje, Mekdim; Remans, Roseline. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2019
Compact2025. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2016
Countries/Regions:BANGLADESH; ETHIOPIA; MALAWI; RWANDA;
Hirvonen, Kalle; Headey, Derek D.;. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2018
Gillespie, Stuart; Hoddinott, John; Nisbett, Nicholas; Arifeen, Shams; van den Bold, Mara. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2018
Countries/Regions:INDIA; BANGLADESH; KENYA; ETHIOPIA;
Compact2025. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2018